By Paolo Franchi
Extended target tracking using random matrices applied to converted measurements of X-band marine radar data. Vivone, Gemine; Braca, Paolo. CMRE-FR-2015-004. February 2015.
X-band marine radar systems are flexible and low-cost tools for monitoring multiple targets in a surveillance area. They can provide high resolution measurements both in space and time. Such features offer the opportunity to get accurate information not only about the target kinematics, as other conventional sensors, but also about the target size. In this paper we exploit the random matrix framework to track extended targets. A proper measurement model to deal with the radar's measurement noise and its conversion into Cartesian coordinates is here presented. Benefits of the proposed extended target tracking using converted measurements can be mainly related to the problem of the targets' size estimation, while advantages on estimation of the targets' kinematic can be considered negligible. The validity of the proposed approach has been demonstrated by using both simulated and real data. Gains of around 100% for the targets' width estimation accuracy and around 50% for the length are observed on real data.